• An ounce of information is worth a pound of data.
  • An ounce of knowledge is worth a pound of information.
  • An ounce of understanding is worth a pound of knowledge.
“Most of the time spent in school is devoted to the transmission of information and ways of obtaining it.

Less time is devoted to the transmission of knowledge and ways of obtaining it (analytic thinking).

Virtually no time is spent in transmitting understanding or ways of obtaining it (synthetic thinking).

Furthermore, the distinction between data, information, and so on up to wisdom are seldom made in the educational process, leaving students unaware of their ignorance.

They not only don’t know, they don’t know what they don’t know.”

Russell Ackhoff